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May 2021

Holiday City at Berkeley EMS Love the Summer Heat and Sun?

The Beach! The pool! The garden! Yay!! Here is June and outdoor activities are about to begin. Some of us have already been planting since April or May. For the gardener’s and the sun worshippers’….  It’s best of times. It’s the worst of times. 
Sunscreens: It is better to use a higher SPF sunscreen because most people don’t put on a thick enough layer so 30 becomes as effective as 15. Waterproof screen still needs to be reapplied. Doctors recommend reapplying sunscreens every 2 hours and apply the first time about 20 minutes before going out. You should be using at least a shot glass full of sunscreen every time you apply. Also, if you’re doing it right, you should usually use a bottle of sunscreen a week according to doctors.
Heat Exhaustion can develop over several days of exposure to high temperatures. Those most prone to it are we, the elderly, those with high blood pressure, and those working or exercising in a hot environment.
The skin might feel cool and moist. The pulse rate will be fast and weak, and breathing will be fast and shallow.
What else to watch out for:
• Heavy sweating
• Paleness
• Muscle cramps
• Headache
• Tiredness
• Nausea or vomiting
• Dizziness and/or Fainting
Heat Stroke This is the big one. It can cause brain damage, organ failure, and death. So immediate medical attention is required. There are two types, described by the journal of “Health Canada”:
1. Classic heat stroke typically affects sedentary and vulnerable populations (babies, pregnant women, the elderly (us) and people who are on certain medications (yes, that’s us again). 
2. Exertional heat stroke is associated with high physical activity.
What else to watch out for:
• High body temperature (usually over 104°F). 
• Lack of sweating or profuse sweating
• Red, hot, and dry skin
• Rapid heartbeat, (can be either a strong or weak beat)
• Rapid, shallow breathing
• Dizziness and light-headedness
• Throbbing headache
• Nausea or vomiting
• Behavioral changes - confusion, disorientation, or staggering
• Seizures
• Muscle weakness or cramps
• Hallucinations
• Unconsciousness
Most importantly - staying hydrated. Dehydration can be caused by caffeine, alcohol, certain medications (antidepressants and antihistamines), and not drinking enough water.
Avoid strenuous outdoor activities. Stick to the shade, (bring an umbrella). Wear a hat, lightweight breathable clothing, and a broad-spectrum sunscreen, SPF 30 or better.
Your First Aid Squad still needs you. No previous training necessary. We’ll get you CPR certified and train you. 
It’s very rewarding.  Call 732 240-3933 for more information.